Environmental Protection Agency Narragansett Bay Commission University of Rhode Island Office of Marine Programs

Estuarine Science

Fjord-Type Estuary

Fjord type estuaries are characterized by a deep elongated basin that is U-shaped and a ledge or barrier that separates the basin from the sea. They have moderately high river input and little tidal mixing. Fjord type estuaries are found along glaciated coasts such as British Columbia, Alaska, Chile, New Zealand, and the Scandinavian countries.



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Well-mixed estuaries ~ Fjord type estuaries

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"Estuaries Classified by Water Circulation"


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